Gum and periodontal disease , also known as periodontitis, is an inflammation and infection of the tissues surrounding the tooth, and is the main cause of tooth loss.
Gingivitis is a bacterial infection of the gums and is the first stage of periodontal disease. Once the gingivitis is set, toxins produced by bacteria cause an immune reaction of human body, with releasing chemical substances, responsible for deteriorating periodontal tissue ( dental ligaments, alveolar bone) and leading to tooth loss.
There is a series of dental treatment for periodontal disease, depending on the stage of the affection.
For a proper treatment plan, adapted to the stage of your disease, the doctor will evaluate the gravity of the lesions. Through hygiene evaluation he will determine if the bacterial plaque is removed daily. Tartar deposits will be removed during professional cleaning and supra and subgingival scaling.
In case of bone resorption, surgical periodontal interventions can be performed to obtain guided bone regeneration using bone grafts. Soft tissue grafts can replace gingival loss.